The competitor answers a given question based on recent events in the news. The competitor researches national and international current events and may create reference files of newsworthy information. Extemporaneous speech should be regarded as a demonstration of personal knowledge on the topic, as well as an original synthesis of numerous sources (Stoa website).

Examples of Expemporaneous Speeches

NITOC 2014 – Extemp Finals – Graham Stacy

Abigail Ford Stoa Winning Extemporaneous Speech 2014

Extemporaneous Justin Holiman Courageous Speech



In Apologetics, the competitor is given four (4) minutes to prepare a persuasive and reasoned speech that defends a tenet of the Christian faith and explains why that principle matters (Stoa website).

Examples of Apologetics Speeches

Stoa NITOC 2012 4th Place Apologetics Speech

Scott Lowery – Apologetics Semifinals – NITOC 2016

Apologetics National Champion


Mars Hill Impromptu

In Mars Hill Impromptu, the competitor uses books, movies, and other genre to discuss the appeal and impact of the theme(s) within the topic, holding them up in light of Christian truth found in the Bible. This event is intended for competitors 14 and older or with the consent of the parents due to mature themes in some topics (Stoa website).

Examples of Mars Hill Impromptu Speeches

Sophie Klomparens NITOC Mars Hill Finals

Maggie Topper – Mars Hill Final – Veni Vidi Vici




An Expository is a prepared speech written by the competitor which explains and illustrates a topic through both words and visuals (e.g. illustrated boards, physical props, digital and electronic presentations, or any combination). (Stoa website)

Examples of Expository Speeches

Stoa NITOC 1st Place Expository 2011: Lydia’s Expos on Hunting

Tiana Vlaovich, Expos Speech: Health of the Gut – Stoa NITOC semifinals 2013

2015 Cereal Expository – Elizabeth Busler


Original Oratory

An Original Oratory is a prepared speech, written by the competitor, on a topic of the competitor’s choice. The purpose of this informative speech is to explain, describe, or expose the topic (Stoa website).

Examples of Original Oratory Speeches

Lydia’s Oratory on Sibling Rivalry

Adulthood. A Stoa Original Oratory Speech 2014-2015



A persuasive speech is a prepared speech, written by the competitor, which advocates a specific position or course of action (Stoa website).

Examples of Persuasive Speeches

Matthew Mittelberg: Persuasive  Finals – The 2011 National Championship Winning Speech

Children in Church: Stoa Persuasive Speech (Rebecca Call)



Duo Interpretive

In Duo Interpretation, two competitors create an original rendition of a story from one or more selection(s) of literature which captivates and moves the audience (Stoa website).

Examples of Duo Interpretive Speeches

NITOC 2015: The Velveteen Rabbit (Duo)

Duo Interpretation, Lord of the Rings RELOADED, Stoa Nationals 2013- Jacob Myhre and Charlotte Myhre

NITOC 2012 10th Place Duo Interpretation; Johnson/Johnson

Batman Duo Stoa NITOC 2012


Humorous Interpretive

In Humorous Interpretation, the competitors tell relatable stories using humor as a device to connect with the audience from a single published work. Stand-up comedy, or telling a series of jokes without a corresponding plot, is not Humorous Interpretation (Stoa website).

Examples of Humorous Interpretive Speeches

Zach Humorous Interp 2016 “Lost at C”

The Fish Story Humorous Interpretation – Chandler Lasch

Michael Schmidt – Miss Nelson is Missing


Dramatic Interpretive

In Dramatic Interpretation the competitor, using a play, short story, or other published work, performs a selection with a spotlight on character development and depth which captivates and moves the audience (Stoa website).

The Tell Tale Heart- 2013 Stoa National Champion Dramatic Interpretation – Chandler Lasch

Stoa NITOC 2016 – 2nd Place Dramatic Interpretation speech – Conor McNamara

Hannah’s DI: “Gates of Splendor”

Steel Magnolias Dramatic Interpretation Speech Chandler Lasch


Open Interpretive

In Open Interpretation selections may be in the whole range from dramatic to humorous genres, including narrative storytelling, single voice monologues, thematic compilations, or self-written pieces (Stoa website).

Examples of Open Interpretive Speeches 

True Grit – 2013 Stoa NITOC Open Interp finalist – Chandler Lasch

Stoa Speech and Debate: Adrian Ford’s Open Interpretation {The Boastful Man}

NOTE: These examples do not reflect the shorter time limit imposed this year on this event.


Wild Card Event Speeches

Cold Reading

The competitor is given written material and, after a brief examination, reads it “cold” to the audience with no other preparation (Stoa website).

Examples of Cold Reading

Trinity Klomarens’s NITOC 2017 Cold Reading Final


Demonstration Speech

A demonstration speech is an original work written by the competitor that explains how to do something or how something works. Props may or may not be used (Stoa website)

Examples of Demonstration Speeches

NOTE: These examples are not from Stoa since it is a new event in Stoa, but these videos do give an idea.

How to Apply First Aid Demonstration Speech


Sample Demonstration Speech 

(understanding a formal place setting)


Five Minute Demonstration Speech

(making a gift basket)

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